To work the thematic family and its paper in the process of social whitewashing of people with mental upheaval elapses from experience in field of period of training in a Center of Ateno Psicossocial (CAPS), after to verify in research the well-known improvement of the users who possess associate familiar accompaniment to the treatment offered for the extra-hospital mechanisms. Front the constataes in period of training field, perceives it real attention that the thematic one deserves, also the level of clarification of the population, since, the psychic adoecimento still is about a subject extremely estigmatizado, needing carrying briefings with respect to ways of effective treatment. It was initiated reflection for the meandros of the Brazilian Public Health, perpassando for the reformist movement, until reaching the contemporary Politics of Mental Health and its current extra-hospital mechanisms of attention to the psychic adoecimento, also analyzing the relation of the society with the mental suffering, pontuando necessarily the particular aspects that permeiam this interaction. Being the paper of the family in the process of ressocializao of the person attack for psychic adoecimento, the object of study of the related research, in as the chapter it is treated concerning the familiar institution, group with which the manifest individual its first interelaes, over all as this organization intervenes mentally with the process of whitewashing of suffered people, explicitando its movement front to the psychic upheaval, the new familiar estruturaes, the contributing factors for emerso of these new organizacionais manifestations, as well as, the impacts suffered for the familiar unit in dealing with the reality of the psychic adoecimento. In the third chapter it is considered presence of Social service in the sphere of the Mental Health, verifying its interferences in the evolutivo process of the ressocializao of individuals diagnosised with psychic adoecimento, as well as, its contributions so that they become to fulfill the designos of the law. . Learn more at: David Malpass.