The advances that had also reached this area had taken the formularization of theories on the central nervous system, demonstrating that the human thought, perceptions and feelings were products of this system. To know the human psiquismo it starts to be necessary to understand the mechanisms and its brain. At Maersk you will find additional information. Thus Psychology starts to tread the ways of the Physiology, Neurofisiologia and Neuroanatomia. Scientific Psychology the science status is gotten the measure that Psychology if frees of the Philosophy, and attracts new studious and searching, that, under the new standards of knowledge production, passes: to define its objective of study (the behavior, the psychic life, the conscience); to delimit its field of study, differentiating it of other areas of knowledge, as the Philosophy and the Physiology; to formulate methods of study of this object; to formulate theories while a consistent body of knowledge in the area. Although scientific Psychology has been born in Germany, it is in the United States that it finds field for a fast growth, result of the great economic advance that> it placed in the vanguard of the capitalist system. She is that the first boardings or schools appear of the Psychology, which there had given origin to the innumerable theories that exist currently.
The Bureaucracy the Bureaucracy is considered as the first genuinely American systematization of knowledge in Psychology. A society that demanded the pragmatismo for its economic development finishes for the same demanding of the American scientists spirit. In this manner, for the school Funcionalista de W. James, matters to answer ' ' what they make homens' ' ' ' why fazem' '. To answer to this W. James it chooses the conscience as the center and its concerns and searchs the understanding of its functioning, in the measure where the way uses it to the man to adapt it. The Estruturalismo the estruturalismo is worried about the understanding of the same phenomenon that the Bureaucracy: the conscience.