Brazilian Civilization

Through lectures, debates and conferences, arose questions related with the daily laborer. An instruction of class representative character, that emphasized the opposing interests of the ruling class and diligent, was proposal inside of the unions and is of them for the different groups. The statutes of the unions brought, at the time, as central guideline, the foundation of schools, libraries, courses of alfabetizao for the union members. The day 1 of May passed to be commemorated by the workers in the whole world from 1890, when the first simultaneous stoppage was carried through, in some countries, as symbol of the memory of fight of the workers. Since 1890, 1 of May became a date of the workers. It was not one day of holiday, in contrast, was one day of collective lack to the work, one day of stoppage definite and defended by the laborers in the whole world. It was one day to remember the passed fights, to protest, to reaffirm the disposal to continue fighting, to raise flags and claims and to express the will to change the world.

FINAL CONSIDERAES the period of 1889-1930, were a period of a vigorous increase of the industrial production that brought obtains the growth of the mass of urban workers. But, it is important to stand out that the industrial development did not produce the distribution of the wealth nor improvements in the life of the proletariat industrial formed for migrantes that left of the field for the cities. For the opposite, the conditions of existence in the urban centers extremely were degraded for the laboring classroom, with the workers fulfilling extreme a horria load, in unhealthy industries. Such situation could not provoke another thing seno the organization of unions and associations and the accomplishment of innumerable strikes for the country. Throughout the work we perceive that the fights had been intense, in order to assure improvements to the diligent classroom. Many people had been imprisoned, tortured, deceased around a fight flag. Currently, the Syndical Movement has the paper to represent and to defend the workers in the set of its interests, as much those that if place in the plant as the ones that they are on to its daily life and that they are mentioned to the housing, health, education, leisure, among others necessities of the diligent classroom.

REFERENCE: MACIEL, Laura. the Plant, urban life, the trajectory of the movement the industrial proletariat in the First Republic. In: FAUSTO, Boris. General history of the Brazilian Civilization. So Paulo, Difel, Volume III, v. 2, 1977.>