For the opposite, all day the whole world speaks of unemployment, that is only one amongst as much other forms of social exclusion. In gue if it relates to the globalization and its ' ' prometismos' ' , none was not seen clearly until the present moment signal of it that it has improved the life of the populations of the underdeveloped nations. Under the ideological speech of the modernization and sacrosanta ' ' competitividade' ' , the more restrictive countries poor are taken to adopt measured and receiturios each time for the resolution of its internal problems. How much to the Real Plan, it can be said that it reflects the proper consecration of the neoliberalismo eda globalization imposed in Brazil. If it does not have doubt of that the Plan has been a success in the combat to the inflation, much less doubts exists on the caused harmful collateral effect to the diligent classroom, reaching, also, now, the middle class, that constitutes the new poverty of the country. At last, it is probable that the skeptics have reasons enough to only believe that one a new model of desendolvimento appeared of the proper local or regional vocations, very endogenous, this perverse picture can revert the one that had arrived the underdeveloped civilizations. A great example dissso occurred in the region of Emlia Romagna, in Italy, where the civil society more did not decide to wait for the prometismos of the globalization, creating a proper model of development of form to elimar the question of the unemployment. Such modelono if you neither base only on average small the joint actions of companies and nor in a singular combination of joint actions between companies, government, workers and civil society, but because she is based, mainly, in the bonds of cooperation and ' ' confiana' ' that they had been established in the production relations, over all those that if they had originated from the cultivated partner-cultural bows in the postwar period, in search of alternatives and solutions that could sells at retail to provide it of a lost regional identity to the end of the decade of 1940.