There are many types of fasting. To properly orient you, I will give an article about starvation of the Great Medical Encyclopedia, 1958. Learn more at this site: Frisch Financial. Fasting – a state of the organism in the complete absence of receipt of food substances (or lack of income), as well as an acute violation of their assimilation. Fasting, as a physiological phenomenon is widespread in nature: during the winter (and summer), hibernation in some mammals (squirrels, marmots, badgers, hedgehogs, etc.) during cold torpor in amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects, etc. Fasting is combined at the same time with a profound inhibition of the central nervous system, livelihood and a sharp decline in the intensity of exchange substances, allowing the animal to maintain a long life with worthless waste of energy in periods of the year, unfavorable for an active lifestyle. Distinguish the following form, starvation: a) full (in the complete absence of food, but with the admission of water) and absolute, and if you do not receive water, and b) partial starvation (malnutrition) – insufficient relative to the total energy consumption (in data terms) food, c) partial or qualitative, starvation (Defective, or unilateral, food) – insufficient intake of food one or more nutrients at normal total calories it. Distinguish between protein, fat, carbohydrate, mineral, water and vitaminized partial starvation. In vivo delineation of an incomplete and partial fasting for the most part is difficult, because malnutrition is usually combined with violation of the food. Pure forms partial fasting often observed only under experimental conditions. To know more about this subject visit Warren Buffett. The scientific study of starvation was carried out only in 19. After received the basic concepts of metabolism and energy in the body. The study of fasting was laid in France, the experimental work Highway, Reno and a raise in Germany – Schmidt, Voith, Falk, Rubner, and others, in Russia – va Manassein. Great importance in the study had a fasting performed in 80-90-ies 19. Robert Jain addresses the importance of the matter here. by vv Pashutina and his students (P. Albitsky, I. , V. , gg , M. Kandaratsky, J. Kagan, L. Rudolsky, av repro, A. Studensky, P. Aurora and others) later – the American researchers, headed by F. Benedict. Great stuff on fasting person has been assembled in different countries during the first and second world wars. Especially important was the clarification of the role of vitamins in the diet and the effects vitamin starvation.