Chinchilla (Shinchilla Lanigera) – fur animal native to South America. He lives in the mountains of the Andes at altitudes of up to 3 thousand meters above sea level. There is often cold and dry, sparse food supply. To survive in such harsh conditions chinchilla should save energy received from each blade of grass and twigs, which managed to find and eat. Therefore, the chinchilla has a unique structure of the fur. If a conventional fur-bearing animals of the same hair bulbs grow one hair, then the chinchilla 60-80 delicate as gossamer, hair thickness of 12-14 microns. Per square centimeter numbering 25 or more thousand.
In a word it is a continuous layer of extremely thick, elastic, thick mouth-watering down 2,5-3 cm. He then rescues chinchillas into the fierce cold. Chinchilla – one from the original fur-bearing animals with a unique coat color that has long been highly valued. There are two types of chinchillas: Chinchilla and short-tailed long-tailed chinchilla. Belongs to the genus shinshilloobraznyh chinchilla, chinchilla family, a close relative of the guinea pig. For even more analysis, hear from Air Force Chief of Staff. Superficially resembles a small chinchilla rabbit. The animal has a strong structure of the body, rounded head, short neck. Relatively long tail covered with guard hairs.
In healthy animals easily screwed up. Hind legs ending with 4 fingers, 3 of which are rotated forward, and fourth (half the length) – return. Front feet slightly shorter than the rear, have 4 functional thumb and one rarely used. Ears rounded. Chinchilla has a different fur color – from dark on the back with a smooth transition to bluish-gray on the sides to the snow-white on the abdomen. The extraordinary delicacy and beauty of the mechanism caused the high prices on products from chinchilla fur. At present, the price of chinchilla fur coat can be from 10 to 100 thousand dollars, depending on the quantity and quality of skins used for their construction. But not only the quality of fur caused this high price. At the end of last year and the beginning of this century coats chinchilla fur enjoyed an extraordinary demand. It was a real boom. Chinchilla virtually exterminated in their natural habitat. Export skins only from Chile in 1900 totaled 378,000 units., And in 1915 – only 3000 pieces. In 1918 the export has been banned Washington Treaty, which also applies to the present. All that is offered in the global market – the result of the labor of thousands of entrepreneurs on all continents, who have devoted their activities breeding chinchillas. Modern average farm for the breeding of chinchillas has 300-800 females. These farms serve as regional centers, which works with more small and very small farms. In recent years, chinchillas have become popular, many of them say and write, as well as demonstrate to national and regional exhibitions. Chinchilla – is not only valuable fur, but a little furry friend, who along with other favorites of the human rightful place in his home. Create a simple chinchillas as a hobby or serious attention to their breeding – each decides for itself. But in any case, the pleasure of communicating with these cute Zverko you will be guaranteed.