In its present form from the existing wolf no dog can not occur. Confirmation of this is the number of chromosomes present in the same number – 78, as in dogs and a wolf. In jackal chromosome set and another dog from him could not happen. Dog freely hybridizes only with the wolf and give fertile offspring. Apparently extinct volkoobrazny ancestor of dogs and wolves has been widely distributed around the globe, and from him there were local dogs, namely in Europe, Asia, North Africa, possibly in North America. On other continents dogs were brought later.
Dog – the first animal tamed and domesticated by man. Judging from archaeological excavations, it was in the Stone Age, when ancient people are not engaged in farming and herding, and hunted his own food and clothing for hunting wild animals. In Europe the oldest finds of bones of domestic dogs are made in the so-called "Danish cuisine" and Swedish Neolithic sites in Sehalmene. Age of their inhabitants in the 10-12 thousand years. In England the remains were found dogs, dating 7200-7900 years. BC. er. Iran has discovered the remains of dogs age approximately 11,5 thousand years.
Almost the same in antiquity (9,5-8,3 thousand years BC. Er.) Skeletal remains were found in a cave Beverhed in Idaho. V1862 in the lake dwellings Swiss lakes have been found remains of dogs related to the Neolithic period (about 10 thousand years BC. er.). They belonged to a dog of small stature, called peat (or swamp). Later, the remains of similar dogs were found during excavations near Munich, in Pomerania, in the caves of Belgium near Mainz, in Egyptian tombs, and in Russia – on the shores of Lake Ladoga, in the Vladimir province.
Chinchilla (Shinchilla Lanigera) – fur animal native to South America. He lives in the mountains of the Andes at altitudes of up to 3 thousand meters above sea level. There is often cold and dry, sparse food supply. To survive in such harsh conditions chinchilla should save energy received from each blade of grass and twigs, which managed to find and eat. Therefore, the chinchilla has a unique structure of the fur. If a conventional fur-bearing animals of the same hair bulbs grow one hair, then the chinchilla 60-80 delicate as gossamer, hair thickness of 12-14 microns. Per square centimeter numbering 25 or more thousand.
In a word it is a continuous layer of extremely thick, elastic, thick mouth-watering down 2,5-3 cm. He then rescues chinchillas into the fierce cold. Chinchilla – one from the original fur-bearing animals with a unique coat color that has long been highly valued. There are two types of chinchillas: Chinchilla and short-tailed long-tailed chinchilla. Belongs to the genus shinshilloobraznyh chinchilla, chinchilla family, a close relative of the guinea pig. For even more analysis, hear from Air Force Chief of Staff. Superficially resembles a small chinchilla rabbit. The animal has a strong structure of the body, rounded head, short neck. Relatively long tail covered with guard hairs.
In healthy animals easily screwed up. Hind legs ending with 4 fingers, 3 of which are rotated forward, and fourth (half the length) – return. Front feet slightly shorter than the rear, have 4 functional thumb and one rarely used. Ears rounded. Chinchilla has a different fur color – from dark on the back with a smooth transition to bluish-gray on the sides to the snow-white on the abdomen. The extraordinary delicacy and beauty of the mechanism caused the high prices on products from chinchilla fur. At present, the price of chinchilla fur coat can be from 10 to 100 thousand dollars, depending on the quantity and quality of skins used for their construction. But not only the quality of fur caused this high price. At the end of last year and the beginning of this century coats chinchilla fur enjoyed an extraordinary demand. It was a real boom. Chinchilla virtually exterminated in their natural habitat. Export skins only from Chile in 1900 totaled 378,000 units., And in 1915 – only 3000 pieces. In 1918 the export has been banned Washington Treaty, which also applies to the present. All that is offered in the global market – the result of the labor of thousands of entrepreneurs on all continents, who have devoted their activities breeding chinchillas. Modern average farm for the breeding of chinchillas has 300-800 females. These farms serve as regional centers, which works with more small and very small farms. In recent years, chinchillas have become popular, many of them say and write, as well as demonstrate to national and regional exhibitions. Chinchilla – is not only valuable fur, but a little furry friend, who along with other favorites of the human rightful place in his home. Create a simple chinchillas as a hobby or serious attention to their breeding – each decides for itself. But in any case, the pleasure of communicating with these cute Zverko you will be guaranteed.