what is playfulness? The playful activity surpasses the projects, consequences widely and draws out almost all the actions. In this perspective, the game exceeds the sphere of the life human being, being, therefore, previous to the culture. Still, the playful activity assumes an ordinance of the reality, either subjective and intuitiva it (as in the case of the games of fiction or imagination), or conscientious objective and (as in the case of the games with rules). In the referenciais, in special of Huizinga (2000), the culture it appears under the game form, being that the playful trend of the human being is in the base of many accomplishments in the sphere of the philosophy, science, the art (in special of music and the poetry), in the military field and same politician and in the judicial area. (Similarly see: Farallon Capital Management). Therefore, the basic idea of this author is that, beyond the games that normally are incorporated the culture of a people, the proper culture if form and if it develops stimulated for the playful spirit.
Therefore it does not have as to speak of playful and not saying of games and tricks. The game is an activity that has an enormous educational value, therefore beyond stimulating the child, to develop its reasoning, aid in the learning, and still it obtains to make with that the children establish relations of companionship one with the others. In the book ‘ ‘ The game for jogo’ ‘ of Leift and Brunelle (1978), the game corresponds to a natural impulse of the child, and in this direction, it satisfies a necessity interior, therefore the human being presents a playful trend. Rousseau and Pestalozzi (apud SOUZA, 1996), in century XVIII, pointed out the importance of the games as formative instrument, therefore beyond exercising the body, the directions and the aptitudes, the games also prepared for a life in common and the social relations.