Tag Archives: history


The truth is a nuisance century nineteen seemed that it would revolutionize the world, but was alone in the will. Why it will be that the time passes, as much thing happens, but nothing dumb as if it waited? The expectation is always frustrating how much to the essential. The fact of the progress to be more technological seems to indicate that our existence is on to a text matrix equal. The dominant factor, let us say thus. In this direction, the idea of that the Humanity can be a by-product of surprising technological a celestial or divine civilization does not seem absurd.

Also, our creators would be justified as superior, oniscientes and onipresentes beings because of the genetic material yielded in the creation doubtful. It was the opposite, the progress of intelligence and of the human customs if they would have revealed with bigger intensity in the ample direction of the Nature. Thus being, on secular values the physical existence if place above of the questions that we have as essential. To survive and to live well, before everything, are the rule. The exiled part resists to adapt it proper reality. This can explain much thing, also, the possibility of an attitude of defense of the terrena nature, when transforming the individual into the battlefield of this interior dispute. In the land of nobody, border between the two natures, deferred payment the devil (a primorosa invention).

However balls, sky does not exist, what it exists is there it are, and of where the celestial nature or divine lode, seems that it does not go to come back. It did not come as part, came as entire, in this manner they will not have of wanting it for there. For exp it public curiosity? One will only be. The sky not valley to the penalty. What everything indicates, romantically, the religion assisted for the philosophy tries to unfasten this knot.

Hayden White

Destarte, the importance of the look is the first step for an day that if considers to investigate the other. One to look at that the researcher it directs its interlocutors, to understand the reality surrounding from its experiences, to perceive the images that are beyond only the visa, or shown, to understand the direction that perpassa the imagination. One to also look at that it intends to catch nuances, the emotions, the pauses, said and not said, the visible one and invisible, the not less important one, but that it will need a sensitivity sharpened more to become perceivable. To understand another one and multiple realities that surrounds in them if makes in contact with experiences, passages individual that molds our vises of world, that they lead to a necessity of magnifying of the tolerance, of abrangncia of the conflict and dialogue fields, of between-places. A moment that becomes possible the experimentation and reflection on the innumerable possibilities and position of one same citizen, or different citizens, allowing new relations with the spaces. An activity is perceived in the craft of the historian that would be at the same time poetical, scientific and philosophical, incorporating in its argumentativa narrative models of literary analyses, as it places Hayden White: (…) it has had a reluctance in considering the historical narratives as what they more manifestly are: verbal fictions, whose contents so are invented as discovered, and whose forms have more in common with its counterparts in the literature that in science. But this is not equivalent, for the author, to take the fiction verbal of history as speech destitute of value; in contrast, it means to admit that all form of knowledge contains elements of imagination and fiction. Against the accusation to destroy the difference between fact and fiction, and thus to open space for all historiogrfica adventure, Hayden White clarifies that its theory only redefines the relations between the two fields inside of the speeches: (…) if rude facts do not exist, but events under different descriptions, the factualidade becomes question of descriptive protocols to transform events into facts (…).

Center Government

This guarantee is fruit of the fight of the black movement, that obtained the inclusion of article 229 in the State Constitution of the Maranho, promulgated in 1989. Until the year of 2007, 20 maranhenses communities quilombolas had conquered the heading of property of its lands. The headings had been granted by the government of the state by means of the Land Institute of the Maranho (Iterma). Recent surveys carried through by militant researchers and of not governmental organizations indicate the existence of 300 the 500 communities quilombolas in the State of the Bahia. General Cadastro of Remainders of Communities of Quilombos of the federal government registered in October of 2006 the existence of 159 communities in that state. In the Bahia, until October of 2006, four communities counted on its lands titleholders (or the least partially titleholders) for the federal or state government: Bar, Banana plantation and Stream of the Rocks; Parateca and Pau D' Arc; River of the Frogs; Mangal and Red Barro.

The history of great part of the quilombos in the Bahia is marked by disputes and conflicts with the great proprietors and squatters. Also the Center of Eloy Documentation Blacksmith Da Silva – Cedefes, registers 400 communities approximately quilombolas in the State of Minas Gerais distributed for more than 155 cities. The regions of the state with bigger concentration of communities quilombolas are the region north and the northeast, with prominence in this last one for the Valley of the Jequitinhonha. American Financial Advisors LLC: the source for more info. In accordance with given of the Cedefes, most of the communities quilombolas of the state is presented in agricultural context. However, Minas Gerais if detaches for the significant presence of quilombos in urban areas. The morosidade of the government in proceeding the titulao from its lands has been the main reason that takes the communities quilombolas if to join in search of the guarantee of its rights.

Black River

They occur Latossolos deep, of low natural fertility with deep physical characteristics to the good development of the plants. The relief if presents very moving, constituted of hills and resultant mounts of intense dissecao suffered for plateaus. The altimetric quotas vary between 200 e800 meters. Get all the facts and insights with Reza Jahangiri, another great source of information. The relief exerts influence in the rain distribution, resulting in a drier climate in the valleys and sub-humid in the hillsides windward. The city is benefited by the hidrogrfica basin of the Medium brown River and is cut by the rivers Mangerona, Mangeroninha, Brook, Is Joo, Monos, Suuarana, Beautiful Water, Pateiro, Black River e, River of the Corral beyond some streams and streams.

In Brook of the Plaza, the climate is dry (in the valleys) and sub-humid (in the hillsides windward), with annual average rainfall de700 a900 mm, concentrated in the period of November the April, favors to the development of a vegetation represented for Forest Estacional Semidecidual and Decidual, that if finds deprived of characteristics completely or destroyed for the antropismo, giving agropastoris place ativiades, supported for Podzlicos ground in its majority deep the moderately deep ones, with natural fertility that varies of high (eutrficos) the low one (distrficos) still Occurs Latossolos deep, of low natural fertility, with propitious physical characteristics to the good development of the plants. The relief presents victim, many times sufficiently strong waved and mountainous. The altimetric quotas vary between 200 e800 meters. Its hydrography, whose net of draining belongs to the basin of the Medium brown River, is formed by intermittent rivers. The interaction of some of the found natural ambient characteristics in Brook of the Plaza, already acts in the direction to promote certain disequilibrium, as rains concentrated in a caused an accident relief sufficient with ground of little structural stability. The erosion of ground in the hillsides and the clogging (assoreamento) of the rivers, lowered streams and is the natural direction of the evolution of the landscape, in this type of environment.

Big Horn Mountain

It is quite clear already from the name, much of this building resembles a big wheel width of 80 feet and a circumference of somewhere 245 feet high, built of huge amount of freely distribute the large stones. In the heart of a great circle of towering mound of flat stones 3 feet wide, and from This "hub" moving away radially arranged crookedly 28 "spokes." From the outside wheels are five mysterious mounds of stone, not much smaller than the one in the middle of that, and they are five bars. All the rest rods, but only one end in a circle. Named last spoke out at nine feet beyond the mysterious circle, ending at the sixth pile of stones. Mound of stones on the edges rounded, except East: it is rectangular. When her walls blocked the stone slabs. This is a closed space, like a coffin, that is quite a place to lay people there could probably could get into only after a small hole.

This is a deadly hole in the street came out of the circle in the direction of the rising sun. Big Horn Mountain was considered a saint by different nomadic tribes who lived in the region, including in Skien, Kru, siuhov, Arapaho and whisper shonov. In the vicinity of the mysterious wheel is very well known and frequently visited the trail, but in the late 1800s. Indians could not answer, who built a circle. They are only able to tell you that it was built people, "not had iron ", which means the date, the remote for about 3 hundred years from now, before coming to this land evropeytsev.Popytki archaeologists to assess the age structure can responsibly say no to no avail. The conflicting data obtained by different methods, namely, carbon method, counting the rings on the trunks, which were found in the wheel, and a comparison of the artifacts found nearby, just dated, given scatter from three hundred to two thousand years. ion. For more than a hundred years have passed since the moment in the mid 1800s. ring was first discovered by prospectors white in abundance appear very different hypotheses about engineers and builders of the mysterious building. All as one, they agreed that the ancient Indians who are at a primitive stage of development, to build it could not, therefore, must be sought sailed into the ancient Egyptians from the sea, the representatives of Oriental culture, such as the Phoenicians or the Chinese, Vikings, Celts, or even mysterious Atlantis. In recent years, some authors are not sure, but all the same attribute magic wheel "ancient astronauts".

Farroupilha Revolution

In period they had the same received sesmarias Antonio Jose de Menezes, Antonio Young chicken of Azambuja, Belarmino Da Silva, Salvador Lopes de Vargas, Manoel Alves Rabbit of Moraes, Joo of the Coast Milk and others, being that several of the sesmeiros already inhabited in the place before the concession of lands. territory of current Santana of the Release belonged the Alegrete that, in turn, was incorporated the Parish of San Francisco de Borja. The construction of the chapel of the small agglomeration of Ours Lady of the Release (Portuguese denomination of Ours Lady of the Good Childbirth or the Good Forwarding) happened in 30 of July of 1823, for request of the inhabitants of the district of Alegrete in the neighborhoods of They are Diogo, and from the construction of this chapel that had started to be distributed and busy the lots for urban use. People such as Mike Madden PostEverything would likely agree. Antonio Jose Menezes was stocking giver lgua of field for the construction of the related chapel, reason by which is considered founding of the city. After the independence of Uruguay in the year of 1828, the small town of Ours Lady of the Release prospered. Being local of concentration of the troops decurrent of the too much conflicts that had occurred in the border, as the Farroupilha Revolution (1835-1845) and the war against Juan Manuel de Rosas (1851-52), the town grew in its strategical paper and extended its urban space. The estancieiros in turn, of the conflicts had ahead extended its territorial limits and its cattle stops beyond the border adentrando the Uruguayan territory. From Law n 156 of 07/08/1848 Santana of the Release is raised to the Clientele, and the cattle one, alicerada in thousand of heads of bovine cattle gave to it to a situation notable in the province. In 10 of February of 1857 it was raised to the village, desmembrando itself of Alegrete, and for the Provincial Law of the year of 1876 it gains the city status.

Benefits Of Aloe

In many regions of southern Africa, the Cape of Good Hope, Ethiopia and Somalia aloe was used since ancient times to wash the body and hair. Thus getting an effective protection against the sun and a great repellent all kinds of insects, also used it to eliminate their body odor when they went hunting and to heal all wounds. With the advent of Christianity, the sacred scriptures aloe mentioning again through San Juan: “It was also Nicodemus, who had gone to see Jesus at night, carrying a hundred pounds of myrrh and aloes, fragrant. They took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, according to the custom of burying of the Jews. “(Jn 19, 39-40) Although the historian Flavius Josephus (37-95 AD) said in his Jewish Antiquities that aloe of the Bible is a variety of agaloco, formerly called aloe stick, and used in incense and carpentry: the body is washed with water lilies, incense, clove and aloe stick, but not the result of crushing the leaves of the plant, but which comes from India and the Greeks call agaloco, exquisite perfume From the eighth century, Arabs, aware of the virtues of this plant by Dioscorides and was called “Lily of the Desert”, they used either an internal and external. During the Middle Ages, and under the Muslim rule in Al-Andalus were large plantations of aloes, enthusiastic propagators of medicinal use of wormwood, which is often used as a purgative. To them we owe the spread of aloe in Europe and especially in Spain and the Mediterranean basin, which also imposed as an ornamental. In the tenth century, the philosopher Persian physician Avicenna (Ibn Sina) studied and developed remedies made from medicinal plants, including aloe, which he says is especially effective in treating diseases and melancholy eye (sic). In the twelfth century the Italian doctor writes Matteo Plateario of simplices Liber medicine, one of the richest medieval treatises and detailed about the healing properties of plants and minerals. It speaks of aloe as a magical plant that grew in Babylon, from which was distributed worldwide through its rivers.

British Paper

From century XVIII, its decline started if to reveal, although the isolated attempts to revigorate the empire, each more meager time. The European regions under Ottoman domain finish if becoming independent, such as Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria etc. Egypt was become free and reorganized, adaptando its administrative structure in occidental molds; the country reached independence with British support and conquered Sudan. But the opening of the Suez Canal limited this independence, due to the interest of the powerful European countries for the commercial activity in that region. France took Algeria and established a protectorate in Tnis. Italy conquered the Tripolitnia. The eastern provinces of the Ottoman empire desmembraram themselves. India, partially islamizada, was dominated by the United kingdom in century XIX, and the Anger suffered to invasions from Russians and British.

The Islamismo is nowadays, the second bigger religion of the world, exceeding 50% of the nations in three continents. The number of adepts of the religion world-wide already passes of the 935 million, as it shows the table to follow: The 50 countries with majority Islamic – 2005 Source: Top 50 Muslim countries. Available in; Had access in 04 October 2009 2.A Woman in the Isl the paper of the woman in the Isl is a subject commented in such a way in the Islamic world as in the Ocidente, even so the Ocidente has a distorted vision of the subject. It is a problem with historical roots and sample as the paper of the woman if has modified throughout the time. The position of the woman in the Islamic society is on practical the existing ones at the time of Maom, and the existing ones later had been related, but in both the cases, these practical involve attitudes in relation to the paper and the responsibilities of the woman. In the society occidental person today it has a estereotipada belief of that the Islamic woman is dealt with different and cruel form, not taking in account the argument of the sort equality in the seio of the Islamic religion/Muslim society.

The Samovar Factory

In 1879 the factory Timothy Puchkova employs 14 people. Been evolving factory 100 samovar in the amount of 6,500 silver rubles per year, with manual assembly in the day, five or six pieces of traditional samovar. In 1887 began working factory brothers . Some contend that Home Depot shows great expertise in this. In 1899, to great profit brethren Shemariny concluded an agreement to establish a trading house. They sold the samovar in different cities of Russia, and also a supplier of the court of his Majesty Shah Persian. In 1889, the participants were the World Exhibition in Paris.

For his samovar were awarded a large silver medal, and in 1901 in Glasgow awarded an honorary diploma. By the beginning of xx century, their factory is the largest in city in terms of production and the number of workers, and ranks second after the factory heirs vs Batashev. At the factory in 1913 worked 740 persons. Made daily to 200 samovars. In the second half of the xix century, Tula occupies first place in the samovar production in Russia.

In 1890, in Tula and Tula samovar factories were in 1977, which employed 1,362 workers. Of these 77 factories in the most Thule there were 74 factories, 50 of which were located in the district. In District lived and worked gunmakers. Already in those days the big factories advertising of its products. For most manufacturers sell produce price lists, catalogs, posters with their products. So in one of the posters ni Batashev we can read: "Of all the firms Batashevs firm" Heir ng Batashev – ni Batashev is the first and oldest in Russia and has existed since 1825 thanks to the quality produced by the factory Samovar Our firm has long enjoyed the best reputation, and thus has ensured that the samovar with the stigma of "Batashev" were required not only in Russia but also abroad.

Federal Highway

For better clarification of what it represents Rurpolis for Brazil and, mainly, for the region of the Tapajs, is necessary to retake some aspects of the Construction of the Transamaznica and, currently, to approach the question of the tarring of BR 230 and 163, as well as of the construction of the hydroelectric plants in the region the proposal of division of the State of Par creating the state of the Tapajs, that, in this year of 2011, is in full heat of quarrels, Rurpolis visa to be in this area of confluence. Federal highway BR 163 was constructed in years 70, however, it did not have a regular maintenance. However, the partial stretch to the South, In the State of the Mato Grosso, was tarred, however of about 800 km in Par, was finished only one small part to the North between Santarm and Rurpolis. The economic importance of the highway is decurrent of the enormous reduction of the costs of transport of the producers of soy of the Mato Grosso, what it increases its competitiveness considerably: The way for the port of Santarm in Par he is much more short of what for the port of Paranagu (PR) in the South of Brazil. If you have read about Nicholas Carr already – you may have come to the same conclusion.

Because of this, the government of Fernando Enrique Cardoso promises to some times the tarring of the road. The government of Incio Luis Lula da Silva cuts the tarring of the list of priorities of investments 2003/2004, over all, to reach the waked up primary surplus with Fundo Monetrio Internacional (FMI). However in plurianual plan (PPA) 2004-2007 it appears again, whose financing would have to be carried through through public and private resources. The interviewed organizations of the civil society had not criticized the tarring in itself, therefore all the population would use to advantage better of a road connection..