Tag Archives: environment

Brazilian Federal Constitution

The world if globalizou in such way that many aspects had run away from the control. The increase of the power and the profit made with that many companies worked only with its financial side thus forgetting, other aspects as: to take care of of the residues of its production. In the city of Ja, state of So Paulo, this panorama is perceived by the great accumulation of residues of the caladistas companies installed in the city. The city counts more than on 100 producing plants of feminine footwear, thus generating, a production of approximately 1,000 pairs of footwear daily. These companies generate average of 8 tons of dejections for month. Unhappyly, some companies exist who discard these residues in total improper places as: desert squares, streets and strips of land; thus causing a serious problem for the sector of local environment.

To guarantee a sustainable development and an environment ecologically balanced, foreseen in the Brazilian Federal Constitution, it is necessary, beyond the participation of the Power Public, the participation of the society in general, also of the private sector. This participation can be given with the comprometimento of the entrepreneurs, in the direction to develop an ambient management with the commitment to eliminate or to diminish the ambient impacts caused by its dejections. This comprometimento with the environment is each time more demanded by the consumers. To try to attenuate the inadequate discarding of the happened residues of the leather of these industries, some alternatives had been proposals in this work. The joined alternatives had been: (i) to use the rejeitos in the confection of products of the civil construction (bricks); (II) to burn the residues in the briquet confection (III) its use as raw material in the artesanato confection. It was necessary to mapear the city of Ja to verify thus where if they located the points of accumulation of the residue.

Paying Polluting

Such principle> it is an international device of ambient protection, incorporated to our legislation and Express in diverse diplomas infraconstitutional. The main objective of the beginning of the Paying Polluting agent is to prevent that the responsibility of a damage provoked for a private activity is repassed for the collective unjustly. In this diapaso, the economic system leaves to have the question of the support as option, having that to face it as an imperative, since it starts to be a in such a way social requirement how much a legal imposition, beyond an indispensable requirement for the continuation of the productive process. For even more analysis, hear from MasterClass. Ademais, is indefensible the continuation of the exploration incauta of the environment on behalf of a progress to any cost, what it brings to baila the necessity of an insertion of the ambient economy in the practical ones of market, giving the importance due to the natural goods as base of the productive process. We point out despite, so that if reach effectively a development sustainable, it is determinative the performance and intervention of the State in the economic activities, through the formularization of public politics that objectify to guide the economic actors in the direction to correct the market imperfections. For such, necessity becomes the implantation of the proposal of internalizao of the ambient costs of the economic activities, establishing price for use of the environmental resources, beyond the creation of incentives so that these are explored of rational form. Parallel, she is necessary to hit upon for a change of the cartesian paradigm that guides the market forces currently, by means of new methodologies and technological bases that facilitate the implementation of a sustainable economy, making with that sectors of production and consumption pass to adopt system cyclical that produces, use and recycle or reuse in opposition to molds contemporaries, that if guides for a process of linear production that it extracts, produces, vende it discards abusing the capacity of support of the planet and in total disconformity with the sustainable development and the healthy quality life, infringing, thus, a basic right of the person evident human being and becoming that the economic development will not be able more to occur without the limitations imposed for the Enviromental law.

Sustainable Development

In last the three decades if tero of the natural resources of the Land consumed one, that is, of its natural wealth. It’s believed that Fidelity Investments sees a great future in this idea. With the population increase that if gave in the last century and with the sprouting of new technologies, the superfluous and in accordance with limitless economic activities had been sped up its necessities never seen. The results of these actions are easily perceivable to soon of all the biosfera. If you have read about Vanguard already – you may have come to the same conclusion. This interference occurs differently in diverse levels, acting on the ambient components: air, ground, water and beings livings creature. The consequences, generally disastrous, Can be observed, for example, in the farming and forest activities, particularly when practised of extensive form, causing deep alterations in the landscape, in world-wide level.

In this scene, the ambient questions pass become it object of normalization initiatives and certification in the national and international scope. Amongst these norms, are distinguished the ones that supply lines of direction so that the companies adopt practical procedures that foment and control the adoption of less degradantes to the environment, some of these norms are certifyd making possible the company to demonstrate third? financial, shareholding organisms, insurance company and customers (natural person and legal)? the attendance its lines of direction. These norms nationwide and international aim at to the improvement of the ambient management in the companies, having as it has detached ISO 14000? world-wide instrument of ambient criteria in the management of companies? its series is an introduced model of enterprise ambient management in 1992 for the Business Council will be Sustainable Development, currently called of Word Business Council will be Sustainable Development (WBCSD). The World Business Council will be Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a coalition one of 130 international companies, who partilham the commitment of the sustainable development. The members associates come more than from 30 countries and 20 important industrial sectors. .

Southeastern Species

Brazil has a coastal line of approximately 8,000 extension km, including the exclusive economic zone under Brazilian jurisdiction, considered the one of the greaters of the world, going since cold waters in the south and Southeastern coast until hot waters on the back of northeast and north. The Brazilian coast forms a set of ecosystems that of the support to a great variety of landscapes as beaches, islands, reefs, dunes, restingas, lagoons, manguezais, bays, estuaries, falsias, remanescncia of forests among others (Ferreira and Prates, 2001). This rich environment in biodiversity, creates conditions for the reproduction and growth of thousand of species of vegetables and animals, many of which threatened of extinguishing. As many species of animals enter are distinguished the whales, that are the biggest mammals of the world (Institute Jubarte Whale, 2003). They exist distributed for the whole world seas 26 species of confirmed whales and between these species 19 it has occurrence in the Brazilian coast, as for example calculates, it (Orcinus calculates), the whale minke (Balaenoptera acutorastra), the whale end (Balaenoptera physalus), the blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), the whale cachalote (Pyseter cotodon), the frank whale (Eubalaena australis) and the whale jubarte (Megaptera novaengliae) that it will be the object of study of this monograph. The whales look the Brazilian coast for being of tempering climate and possessing necessary hot waters to the reproduction (Hetzel and Lodi, 1993). Many of the species of whales seriously are threatened of extinguishing and many others run this risk. This happens because until century XX, the predatory hunting to the whales was allowed and this caused the death of thousand of individuals for the whole world.. .

Ambient Protection

In the nature it has a cycle of similar oxygen to the cycle of the water. The set free Oxygen of the plants in the land and plnctons in the sea during the photosyntheses is lighter than air and floats for the high one of the atmosphere. In the situated region between 20 and 30 km of the Land, one strong Ultra radiation Violeta (UV) situated enters the wave length of 180 the 200 nanometers bombs the oxygen and transforms part of it into ozone. The ozone thus created exists as a fine layer in the atmosphere and blocks the small portion of the UV specter that it absorbs. The great majority of rays UV that reach the land, allowing the solar bronzing. We have lately, a great repercussion in the press on the ozone layer, but the facts are different of the notified one. The ozone production in the atmosphere depends on the amount of energy coming of the Sun.

During the peaks of solar activity, the ozone is generated in great amount. During the calmnesses of the solar activity, the ozone layer is finer. The lowest level until today measured was in 1.962. During the night, in is the wonderful autolimpante of the nature. If the ozone enters in contact with the vapor d’ water when to fall, it forms hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2) a component of chuvae this is the porquea reason water of rain allows the growth of the plants best of what the conventional irrigation. The ozone also is generated in the atmosphere, for the atmospheric discharges (rays of a storm), and the amount produced in an average storm is generally the triple of the limit allowed of (0,015 PPM) as it was established by the EPA (Agency of Ambient Protection).

The ozone of to air the wonderful one I after smell of coolness one strong rain and is the highest benefit to somebody enough fortunate thing to inhale it. Still d is generated by falls; responsible water and waves that arrebentam and queso for the energy feeling that we try next to these places. Another way where if it generates ozone is through ftons of the Sun breaking separately the Nitrous Oxide (NOx), a polluting agent formed by an engine of internal combustion. This ozone can be accumulated as mist due the inversion temperatures and is irritating to the eyes and the lung. The ozone, the triatmica form of the oxygen, is different of the oxygen that we breathe, that he is diatmico. It has presence relatively small distribution uniform, concentrating itself does not enter 10 and 50 km (and in well lesser amounts, in air poludo of cities), with a peak around 25 km. Its> distribution also varies with the latitude, station of the year, schedule and standards of time, being able to be on the volcanic eruptions and solar activity. The formation of ozone in the layer between 10-50 km is resulted of a series of processes that involve the absorption of solar radiation. Molecules of oxygen are dissociadas in oxygen atoms after to absorb solar radiation of short waves (ultraviolet). The ozone is formed when an oxygen atom collides with a molecule of oxygen in one presence 3 molecule that allows the reaction but it is not consumed in the process. These are the ozone forms generated in the one for the atmosphere.

Biodiesel Chemistry

In the last few decades, the world-wide attention was turned toward the ambient questions. The example of this the innumerable national and international meeting are had, that englobam politicians, researchers and entrepreneurs. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Senator Marco Rubio . In these meeting a trivial quarrel is the fuel development of renewable origin, form to substitute fuels of fsseis origins, that one of the most preoccupying sources of global pollution constitutes, being this responsible to a large extent for the effect greenhouse, acid rain and the hole in the ozone layer, among others problems of the modern society. In such a way chemical of the world they had all initiated intense works of research in search of a renewable fuel source, in development of Green Chemistry, introduced has about ten years in U.S.A. for EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), the agency of ambient protection of that country, in contribution with American Chemical Society (ACS) and the Green Chemistry Institute.

Distribution Distribution

Presenting new paradigms that are excellent to the support scene, and thus, to contribute for the process of governmental public politics of our local and regional Amazon region. In addition, all this study is based on the project of research, Drinking waters and Distribution: a well socioeconmico and indispensable survival human being in the city of Cruise of the Acre.Uma South boarding that it searched to identify the partner-economic and cultural profile of the drinking waters users of Southern Cross (AC) e, characterized the geographic drinking waters distribution in Southern Cross (AC). A study that had participation it accomplishes of the three integrant ones above in prominence, for occasion of the scientific constructive process. The regular distribution of the water is of utmost importance, over all of the point of view of the management of public health, therefore it is in the distribution of forms that consider agriculture as a mere purpose of use of the water, of little relative value, and that they affirm that other uses can add greater final resultant value Amazonian it represents the biggest hidrogrfica basin of world, concentrating 1/5 of the water total candy and 68% of existing 14% in Brazil the water wastefulness reach 40%. ‘ ‘ Each wasted water drop means money outside played and bad use of the water sources candy, becoming difficult and expensive the supplying of the population with water potvel’ ‘ (MENEZES, L.C.C. 1984, P. 55-61). In the systems of drinking waters distribution, the quality of this can suffer a series from changes, making with that the quality of the water in the tap of the user if differentiates of the quality of the water that leaves the treatment station.. (As opposed to Nicholas Carr).


You are responsible for its garbage? The Brazilian, as well as great part of the world-wide population faces the garbage in maken a mistake way, estimating that, everything what it is in its lixeira cannot more used being, however our garbage hampers are composites for more than 90% of materials that can recycled or be reused. With the sanction of law 12,305/10 in date 02/08/2010, finally we will have one national politics of solid residues sustainable, after to frequentar per almost 20 years the house of representatives, the new law will promote the reduction of the solid residues generated on the part of the manufacturers, traders and deliverers, attributing to the same ones to the responsibility to adequately receive and to destine the residues for them generated, that they must have a plan of logistic reversa to collect the materials, contemplating domestic, industrial, eletroeletrnico, agropastoril, of the construction civilian, hospital, dangerous the residues among others. According to member of the house of representatives Dr. Nechar, author of the text approved, although the ambient liabilities inherited by Brazil because of the regulation lack, the time favored the quality of the text throughout the 19 years of transaction in the Chamber. Learn more at this site: Nicholas Carr. The member of the house of representatives mentioned the destination of a refrigerator before and after the approval of the law.? Before, the substituted refrigerator was in the deep one of the house, rusting, and later the engine, with its gas that is highly pollutant, could leak without no control or turn dwelling the mosquito of the affection or finish in the stream of some city, causing flooding later. Now, we go to have of reaproveitar the steel, the plastic, the glass and just giving and the adequate treatment to the gas of the engine of geladeira.' ' In primordial plans, also it is to extinguish with the lixes, responsible for sheltering 50% more than of what he is discarded in our country, in the worse possible conditions, contributing with the contamination of the ground, of underground waters, the proliferation of plagues and epidemics. The law also brings obtains the recognition and the valuation of catadores of materials you recycle, contributing for a sustainable ideal generating income, saving the environment and receiving a classroom that is not fit in the profile tax for the market. The catadores had commemorated the approval with hope of that they could occupy a respected space effectively and be recognized professionally, interpreted as ambient agents. Today the country does not recycle 1% of what it generates, the act to recycle paper, plastic, metal, glass, wood among others is to save energy, to save natural resources as well as the sanitary aterros glimpsing to develop in sustainable way. We are waiting the uprising of president Luis Incio Lula da Silva for the regulation of the law inside of 90 days, promoting a new national conscience that will have of if worrying about what it consumes and it discards, therefore or will change our habits or will construct a world in which we will not be part.

Sustainable Development

(ACAR, 2008, P. 15-16) In fact thematic ambient the current one is alarming and opens espaopara that the companies contribute by means of responsible initiatives, that atuemno mere as she covers holes for the existing problems already, but comoefetivos collaborators of the cause, by means of plain strategical of marketingambiental and elaborated actions of management that foments the desenvolvimentosustentvel. Federal Reserve Bank addresses the importance of the matter here. Appeared in 1987, with the Report of the World-wide Commission on oMeio Ambiente (CMMAD), the concept of Sustainable Development, in agreement comBRAGA et al (2005), came to alavancar the quarrels for institucional questesambientais, passing widely to be known to break de1992, with the accomplishment of River, meeting that counted on the participation dospases members of the Organization of United Nations (ONU), in which Agenda 21 was produced. Sustainable development is the form as the atuaisgeraes satisfy its necessities in the gift without, however, to compromise the capacity of the future generations to satisfy its prpriasnecessidades. (ACAR, 2008, P. 17) Inherent to the ambiently responsible attitude adotadapelas organizations, is the strategical side of the actions of ambient marketing edos plans of responsible management that, according to Vaz (1995), have its iniciativasde ecological support based in the beginning of the generation of an image favorvelpara the company. The organizations must perceive that the marketing ambientalpode to be a chance to reach its objectives.

The more conscientious consumers are setornando each time on questions ambient, what competitivasobre makes with quemuitas companies enxerguem a chance to improve its advantage other companies who do not adopt the alternative of green marketing. (DAYS, 2007, P. 84) the 2.3.1 Ambient Questions, the Support and oMarketing The concern with the ambient questions, according to Days (2007), extended all to it the scopes of the society, in such way, that if tornouindiscutvel the existence of an ecological crisis. This because, according to Braga (2006, P. 216), ' ' the development of our sociedadeurbana and industrial, for not knowing limits, occurred of disordered form, without planning, to the cost of increasing levels of degradation ambiental' '.


The great cities currently suffer with the garbage excess, therefore many of them are played in the street, causing at great time of rain floods and overflows that can cause loss of property or even though to take one person the death. The illnesses at this time also are favorable, most common are the Leptospirose, illness caused for rat piss, the reached victims more are the children. Another problem also is the lack of space in the sanitary aterros, therefore the amount deposited to each day grows in absurd ratios and the lack of one politics directed toward the recycling the problem of the garbage is precarious aggravating each time more and complicating the environment. However, the man not yet placed in practical the solution of the recycling that can change the life of all. The schools are great models that can act with this activity to change the way of life, being separated garbage and implanting awarenesses for the pupils as well as for the population of the cities. Through the awareness lack one not only plays in the garbage food remaining portions but also can, bottle PET, plastics, cardboard, papers and other objects that can be reused, exist cases that the people play material remaining portions even though toxic that can cause some problems as the blindness or take the displayed death if to this dangerous poison (cases as cesium 147 that it happened in Goiania). Many schools exist that acquire knowledge the pupils through lectures, of the advantage of the selective collection and the advantages of a people if to worry and to watch over for the environment where it lives. Little is come close making, but already it is a start, however with the speed that acmolo of garbage comes being produced, and its disordered distribution, have caused proximate damages, as the clogging of sewers and streams, thus we must have faster and certeiras actions, therefore the consequncias generated for this current culture, can compromise the life of future generations.