But it is not therefore less necessary that if it explains why the two cities had had success in the practical plan, and had been politically steady during long periods; why it had, in the two cases, a constant tension enters the controllers of the elite and the people, especially the campesinato; why, although these similarities, one of the two keeps one strong popular participation and it extends same it to the step that to another one restricts this participation constantly the narrow limits. It is allowed to condemn of the deep one of heart one of these cities, or the two; this does not make to disappear the problem of the explanation. Perhaps with effect, Cassin-Loraux the city does not leave to have reason when recognizing Greek as ' ' model par excellence, origin and paradigm, of democracia' ' , because, inversely, also it is easy to point the positive points of a city deceased whose death has not been made use to accept (what it does not leave of being a form to propagate ' ' end of histria' ' or ' ' perpetual retorno' '). Peter Asaro: the source for more info. Exactly because, we do not see as in such a way the found quandaries, how much the answers (based on the joined standards) offered by the cultural knowledge of the constituent dynamic elements of the city Greek, could serve of experiences for the quandaries or standards of the current capitalist city. -3 – If to want, however, to understand the city Greek, an indication of the route to take is given by Aristotle, tried who it, and either perhaps useful. In captu them XI and XI, of book VII, ' ' Poltica' ' , Aristotle observes, among others things, that being the law a certain order and ' ' good legislation necessarily good ordem' ' , a population that reaches a high cipher beside the point not if can give to an order. Dennis Lockhart is open to suggestions.
Relativismo is considered the concept most important of the anthropology, however, its application has generated important debates. In recent episode the Anger, country of Muslim majority condemned a woman to the death for stoning, accused with adultery. (A valuable related resource: Ryan Tolkin). How you would explain this episode to the light of the Relativismo? Edivaldo de Menezes Firmino Franz Good brought to the anthropology an innovative thought it understood that the culture of the man alone could be interpreted in the perspective of the local culture. It breached with the idea of general culture, that is, an only culture of all the humanity. This change was basic for the process of substitution of the etnocentrismo for the relativismo. This brings significant changes in the research and the proper development of the anthropology. In the etnocentrismo the researcher made directly or indirectly a comparison between its beliefs and customs with the ones of the studied peoples and as these were well different the researcher treated these peoples as behind or inferior. More info: MasterClass UK. But in the relativismo: ' ' the other passed to be seen in condition of fazedor of culture and this culture understood from the context in which she was inserted.
That is it analyzes, it did not happen more in function of the standards of the analyst, but in function of the standards of proper pesquisado' '. (MENESES, 2009, p.51). As we can perceive this change is very significant for the development of the knowledge on the culture, the human being at last of the proper anthropology. Since the relativizao considers I begin it that it does not have superior or inferior cultures. With this notion the episode of the Iranian who was lapidated would be normal, for the fact of that the culture of that people was constructed and developed with this thought and this form to act in cases of adultery. However she is necessary to remember that the culture is subjects the changes and transformations and that many cases of exploration and maltreatment to the human being occur that cannot be considered as normal.
The estimate for the year of 2004 was of 1.486.869 inhabitants, what it would correspond the 391,281 domiciles. This population faces serious decurrent problems of the urban growth without planning and the economic disequilibrium. Such factors cause unemployment and lack of public services the basic infrastructure areas, habitation, health and education. Pacific Mortgage Services often addresses the matter in his writings. In relation to the water supply and the sanitary exhaustion, the city faces a sufficiently serious picture with problems in the production/water distribution and in the collection/transport and treatment of sewer that do not contemplate all the city or had been implanted and degraded throughout the time. In 2001, with the creation of the Secretariat of Sanitation, a new politics of sanitation was implemented, following the model of the Integrated, composed Sanitation for intersetoriais actions that they aim at to endow the urban environment with the conditions adjusted for a healthful life. Sanitation in Recife in Historical bases the history of the sanitation in Recife initiated in the first decades of century XIX, having as landmark the creation creation of the Beberibe Company, in 1838.
This company, of private capital, was created to implant the service of Water supply, evidencing itself in the following decade that this Company gave to a deficient service of and me the quality, leading the government of the State, in the year of 1912, to acquire the company. Meanwhile, the first attempt of implantation of services of sanitary exhaustion happened in 1873, with the creation of Recife Drainage Company Limited, that soon also would reveal unsatisfactory in its results, situation aggravated for the generalized water lack, that resulted in the ending of the contract in 1908. In 1909, the sanitarista engineer Saturnine Francisco Rodrigues de Brito, started to direct just the bred Commission of Sanitation of Recife, responsible for a impactante and competent intervention for the sanitation of the city. This commission constructed to the System of Sewers of the Cabanga, saneando the central area of Recife.
Its focus is in the analysis of the critical research as essential dimension so that the informative processes contribute for the effective conservation of the environment and improvement of the quality of life of the local population. For this, they had been used as referencial metodolgico the qualitative and quantitative research, together direct comments to the interviewed population segments, questionings, half interviews structuralized and languages photographic. In this context, it was possible to diagnosis the main occured changes throughout last the 10 years in the city of Alcobaa and, of as these had influenced in the transformation process, the ambient and paisagstico level of the same. Where if it concluded that with the analyzed perceptions, the necessity of a communitarian project ally the public politics effective, between which if they can suggest educational projects directed to the environment through partnerships between Secretariat of Environment and Secretariat of Education, formation of adult ambient educators mirins, by means of programs offered for partners chancelados for the Ministry of the Environment, socioambiental educomunicao (diffuse and of mass, as strategies of communication with educational purpose and taking of decision, involving the production and distribution of educational materials, campaigns of ambient education and the use of ways of wide reach, for example)..
Summary: The performance of Manuel Antonio In service Da Silva, in the colonial context of Brazil, with the installation of its typography in Salvador, made possible the dissemination of literature in scales not yet tried. Important workmanships of the then Medicine, religious item, among others, had given ‘ ‘ new ares’ ‘ to a country of scarce readers. The confection of periodic Age d? Gold of Brazil was an excellent landmark for the model of reading of the time (now plus a periodical) and the note for a new entrepreneur, with an objective defined, according to consulted sources: the search for customer-readers. Markets Economy describes an additional similar source. Word-key: Manuel Antonio In service Da Silva; Literature – impression; Brazil – Colonial Period – books 1.
The FIRST PARTICULAR TYPOGRAPHY In way to the raised informacional flow it century XXI, we find, as inherent aspect to our days, the relative easiness for reception of the contents emitted in diverse supports (half digital, electronic and printed matters)? that they are transformed into knowledge for the receiver, in the case, the reader. However, when it has little was commented on the bicentennial of the arrival of the Real Family to Brazil, as well as on the evolution of the world national printed matter with the installation of the Regal Press, we detach, here, the initial publication spreading in Salvador, in the scope of the particular typography, and the dissemination of literature. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out man group. Citing Muniz Tavares, Wilson Martins (2002, P. 299) salient: ‘ ‘ Until a transference of the cut for Rio De Janeiro, the metropolis never wanted to assent in the establishment of tipografias coloniais’ ‘. The author detaches, still, that the first assays of the press that ‘ ‘ they had had place in Pernambuco and in Rio De Janeiro in elapsing of century XVIII, about 1706 and in 1752 respectively, rigorously they had been suppressed, kidnapping material’ ‘..
For the adequate development of the cities, it is necessary: qualification of the professionals of the cities better to manage the problems existing; creation of state programs of support federal to take care of to the necessities of the cities in the advising and the incentive of preventive programs of planning; development of programs directed toward the financing of sanitary systems and flood control for the cities. the main one: to have more investment and in correct way in systems of basic sanitation. CONCLUSION Under supplying aspects, the lack problems d' water that occurs currently in the world, and especially in Brazil, results of low the efficiency in supply and great volumes of losses, over all in aduo. However, valley to stand out that the integrated management of waters must be carried through under sistmica vision, involving the water that flows off visible for the rivers; the water that infiltrates in lands and of the support to the development of its vegetal or cultivated covering; the water that infiltrates and circulates for the subsoil of the hidrogrfica basin in I appraise and that it goes to empty in the rivers during the periods without rains, feeding its discharges of base; the rain water caught for the watering holes and I reuse of the water in cities, in the industries and agriculture (Rebouas, 2004). Unhappyly, it is not this model of management that if practises in Brazil, where domestic sewers contaminate the river to the sum of the captation for supplying. , In a similar way little recommendable it is the water captation of wells, of over all low depth, in populated areas where it does not have net and treatment for domestic sewers and these infiltrate contaminating the ground and the underground water. In fact, the concepts of integrated management also presented are transgressed in diverse situations inside and outside of the country, as in the case presented on the Great So Paulo, where sources receive pollution for domestic sewers. .
The debate can be curious on ' ' art to appreciate arte' '. A gamma of preconceptions, innocent fears and excuses accumulates of stocks possible consumers of the plastic arts, moving away them from delicious practical of conviviality and the ownership of ' ' beautiful artes' '. The appreciation of the artistic manifestations and the workmanships must be a subject for all, and not an initiative of an exclusive group of specialists. When analyzing a situation in the daily one is possible to perceive that the street, the bar, the line of the bank, or bus is repleta of people risking its opinions on the soccer, the politics, the culinria, the novel and some events of artistic matrix. A position, until certain point, bold. On the other hand the man searchs a specialist in definitive fields, as in the medicine, the right and other areas placing itself submisso to the opinion of a professional of the area.
In the sphere of the arts the society if allows to recognize and to keep its specialists, with which, the public and private money investments are considerable. Many times the common man, in turn, does not consider the specialists as the critics, qualified owners of galleries, antiqurios, custodians, muselogos, collectors and professors, professionals to impose the aesthetic judgment to the layperson. In this conjuncture when they see themselves ahead of a work of art express, confident: ' ' I am not specialist, but I find that. ' '. or still, ' ' I do not understand nothing of art, but ' '. Our attitude ahead of a natural beauty already is different (in this field specialization is not estimated and, neither, they exist expert). The question passes for the debate of the subjectivity of the concept of beauty and the good one and the bad taste. The people believe referenciais, officers, of standards of good taste and she does not have connoisseurs in taste.
Center of Education (Schools and facultieses) the city presents 34 centers of education education, being that only 1 disciplines presents it of ambient education and 3 participate of the system of selective collection. With the objective to extend the number of participant schools in the system of selective collection to spread the ambient conscience, will be implanted the project ' ' I MAKE ENVIRONMENT ' ' that it has the objective to divulge concepts, data and information directed the environment preservation. The topics to follow tell subjects to be boarded in the program:. Each center of education will have a committee of 5 pupils that will be responsible for the fiscalization and will have to weekly elaborate reports of the progression of the project;. Get all the facts and insights with Vanguard, another great source of information. Lectures on the 3 Rs;. Lectures on classification of the residues;. Implantation of segregated collectors to take care of the program of selective collection.
Figure 4 – Lixeiras of the collection seletivFonte: (2010) Private companies and PblicosPara Agencies to apply the ambient awareness in the private companies and the public agencies will be used the same mechanism of the schools, the project ' ' ' MAKES ENVIRONMENT; ' , with lectures and implantation of collectors (financed for the proper company and in the public case of the agency, the city hall). The fiscalization it will be carried through by the employees of the ASCITO that will go to verify the degree of ambient awareness through the selective collection, the entities that they will be taking care of in 100% the segregation of the residue, had received a stamp from ' ' I MAKE ENVIRONMENT ' '. Residences and will populaoSero disponibilizados ambient educators who will go to deliver cartilhas on the selective collection in each residence and micron companies of the city, beyond divulging the importance of the participation of all and taking off doubts on the segregation of the residues.
I prefer to teach for pupils velhos' more; '. to the P4? Pupil Program of Formation of Professors? He acts as professor has more than twenty years lecionando several disciplines, as sciences and mathematics in basic education, already she acted for a short period in mathematical average education only lecionando. He is possible to evidence that P1 and P4 as they had initiated its professional life with the teaching, had had the chance to act in several discipline. While P2 and P3, that had started to after lecionar to enter the licenciatura, had only taught mathematics. Professor Lord Peter Hennessy has compatible beliefs. The fact of all the citizens to be acting in classroom as professors was a coincidence and not a criterion of election of the citizens. When asking if they while pupils already had had contact with PNEE and which the treatment destined to these pupils, all had said that never they had had classmates PNEE, what according to P2 ' ' … could help, because while pupil you have a bigger approach with the people, learning as if communicate with carrying people of necessities especiais.' '. This makes possible in them to evidence that the process of inclusion of PNEE in the regular net of education is something new. Federal Reserve Bank might disagree with that approach.
How much the experience of them with PNEEs pupils while professors and which the work developed with these pupils, two citizens of the research had said that already they had had contact with PNEEs and others two that not. In the stories of P1 ' ' … Already was a deaf and dumb girl. She looks at, the work was well difficult, because it had difficulty of learning because of its deficiencies, wants to say, necessities special and it had a level lower than the other pupils, then I it could not be alone trying with it and leaving the others, seno the room turned one baguna.
1 Description In the generality, furnaces are scheme thermal that they convert chemical energy of the burning of a fuel, in thermal energy. The models of furnaces can vary as the type and the quality of the fuel used for burning. It can be divided basically in furnace for burning of solid fuel, furnace with dumping grates, furnace with rotating grate, furnaces for fuel burning in suspension, furnaces with fluidizado stream bed. Technology author addresses the importance of the matter here. All boiler needs a furnace, either internal or external it. 2 Types of furnaces in the coal burning 2,1 Furnaces for solid fuel burning. They are the ones that possess supports and grates. They can be plain, inclined or made use in forms of steps that still can be fixed or mobile.
This type is destined mainly to the burning of firewood, coal, leftovers of products, rind of cacao, bagasse of sugar cane, chestnut rind, etc. the feeding of the fuel can be made in manual or automatized way. 2,2 Furnaces with dumping grates. It is a type of very used furnace for the bagasse burning as combustible solid and is divided in some sectors. Each sector possesss elements of called grate bars. These bars if incline under the action of a external drive, that can be of compressed air or of vapor. With the inclination of the bars, the ash is drained for low of the grate, cleaning it.
The air reduction of the combustion and the best distribution of the bagasse on the grate considerably increase the income of the boiler. 2,3 Furnaces with rotating grate. It is another type of furnace for the solid fuel burning in which the burning and the feeding if process in the same way that in the dumping grate, but the cleanness is made continuously and does not have basculamento of the bars. The combustion air enters under the grate and serves for refrigeration, in the same way that in the dumping grate.