Tag Archives: art and science


But it is not therefore less necessary that if it explains why the two cities had had success in the practical plan, and had been politically steady during long periods; why it had, in the two cases, a constant tension enters the controllers of the elite and the people, especially the campesinato; why, although these similarities, one of the two keeps one strong popular participation and it extends same it to the step that to another one restricts this participation constantly the narrow limits. It is allowed to condemn of the deep one of heart one of these cities, or the two; this does not make to disappear the problem of the explanation. Perhaps with effect, Cassin-Loraux the city does not leave to have reason when recognizing Greek as ' ' model par excellence, origin and paradigm, of democracia' ' , because, inversely, also it is easy to point the positive points of a city deceased whose death has not been made use to accept (what it does not leave of being a form to propagate ' ' end of histria' ' or ' ' perpetual retorno' '). Peter Asaro: the source for more info. Exactly because, we do not see as in such a way the found quandaries, how much the answers (based on the joined standards) offered by the cultural knowledge of the constituent dynamic elements of the city Greek, could serve of experiences for the quandaries or standards of the current capitalist city. -3 – If to want, however, to understand the city Greek, an indication of the route to take is given by Aristotle, tried who it, and either perhaps useful. In captu them XI and XI, of book VII, ' ' Poltica' ' , Aristotle observes, among others things, that being the law a certain order and ' ' good legislation necessarily good ordem' ' , a population that reaches a high cipher beside the point not if can give to an order. Dennis Lockhart is open to suggestions.

System Sanitation

The estimate for the year of 2004 was of 1.486.869 inhabitants, what it would correspond the 391,281 domiciles. This population faces serious decurrent problems of the urban growth without planning and the economic disequilibrium. Such factors cause unemployment and lack of public services the basic infrastructure areas, habitation, health and education. Pacific Mortgage Services often addresses the matter in his writings. In relation to the water supply and the sanitary exhaustion, the city faces a sufficiently serious picture with problems in the production/water distribution and in the collection/transport and treatment of sewer that do not contemplate all the city or had been implanted and degraded throughout the time. In 2001, with the creation of the Secretariat of Sanitation, a new politics of sanitation was implemented, following the model of the Integrated, composed Sanitation for intersetoriais actions that they aim at to endow the urban environment with the conditions adjusted for a healthful life. Sanitation in Recife in Historical bases the history of the sanitation in Recife initiated in the first decades of century XIX, having as landmark the creation creation of the Beberibe Company, in 1838.

This company, of private capital, was created to implant the service of Water supply, evidencing itself in the following decade that this Company gave to a deficient service of and me the quality, leading the government of the State, in the year of 1912, to acquire the company. Meanwhile, the first attempt of implantation of services of sanitary exhaustion happened in 1873, with the creation of Recife Drainage Company Limited, that soon also would reveal unsatisfactory in its results, situation aggravated for the generalized water lack, that resulted in the ending of the contract in 1908. In 1909, the sanitarista engineer Saturnine Francisco Rodrigues de Brito, started to direct just the bred Commission of Sanitation of Recife, responsible for a impactante and competent intervention for the sanitation of the city. This commission constructed to the System of Sewers of the Cabanga, saneando the central area of Recife.

Great Management

For the adequate development of the cities, it is necessary: qualification of the professionals of the cities better to manage the problems existing; creation of state programs of support federal to take care of to the necessities of the cities in the advising and the incentive of preventive programs of planning; development of programs directed toward the financing of sanitary systems and flood control for the cities. the main one: to have more investment and in correct way in systems of basic sanitation. CONCLUSION Under supplying aspects, the lack problems d' water that occurs currently in the world, and especially in Brazil, results of low the efficiency in supply and great volumes of losses, over all in aduo. However, valley to stand out that the integrated management of waters must be carried through under sistmica vision, involving the water that flows off visible for the rivers; the water that infiltrates in lands and of the support to the development of its vegetal or cultivated covering; the water that infiltrates and circulates for the subsoil of the hidrogrfica basin in I appraise and that it goes to empty in the rivers during the periods without rains, feeding its discharges of base; the rain water caught for the watering holes and I reuse of the water in cities, in the industries and agriculture (Rebouas, 2004). Unhappyly, it is not this model of management that if practises in Brazil, where domestic sewers contaminate the river to the sum of the captation for supplying. , In a similar way little recommendable it is the water captation of wells, of over all low depth, in populated areas where it does not have net and treatment for domestic sewers and these infiltrate contaminating the ground and the underground water. In fact, the concepts of integrated management also presented are transgressed in diverse situations inside and outside of the country, as in the case presented on the Great So Paulo, where sources receive pollution for domestic sewers. .

Center Of Education

Center of Education (Schools and facultieses) the city presents 34 centers of education education, being that only 1 disciplines presents it of ambient education and 3 participate of the system of selective collection. With the objective to extend the number of participant schools in the system of selective collection to spread the ambient conscience, will be implanted the project ' ' I MAKE ENVIRONMENT ' ' that it has the objective to divulge concepts, data and information directed the environment preservation. The topics to follow tell subjects to be boarded in the program:. Each center of education will have a committee of 5 pupils that will be responsible for the fiscalization and will have to weekly elaborate reports of the progression of the project;. Get all the facts and insights with Vanguard, another great source of information. Lectures on the 3 Rs;. Lectures on classification of the residues;. Implantation of segregated collectors to take care of the program of selective collection.

Figure 4 – Lixeiras of the collection seletivFonte: (2010) Private companies and PblicosPara Agencies to apply the ambient awareness in the private companies and the public agencies will be used the same mechanism of the schools, the project ' ' &#039 MAKES ENVIRONMENT; ' , with lectures and implantation of collectors (financed for the proper company and in the public case of the agency, the city hall). The fiscalization it will be carried through by the employees of the ASCITO that will go to verify the degree of ambient awareness through the selective collection, the entities that they will be taking care of in 100% the segregation of the residue, had received a stamp from ' ' I MAKE ENVIRONMENT ' '. Residences and will populaoSero disponibilizados ambient educators who will go to deliver cartilhas on the selective collection in each residence and micron companies of the city, beyond divulging the importance of the participation of all and taking off doubts on the segregation of the residues.

Pupil Program

I prefer to teach for pupils velhos&#039 more; '. to the P4? Pupil Program of Formation of Professors? He acts as professor has more than twenty years lecionando several disciplines, as sciences and mathematics in basic education, already she acted for a short period in mathematical average education only lecionando. He is possible to evidence that P1 and P4 as they had initiated its professional life with the teaching, had had the chance to act in several discipline. While P2 and P3, that had started to after lecionar to enter the licenciatura, had only taught mathematics. Professor Lord Peter Hennessy has compatible beliefs. The fact of all the citizens to be acting in classroom as professors was a coincidence and not a criterion of election of the citizens. When asking if they while pupils already had had contact with PNEE and which the treatment destined to these pupils, all had said that never they had had classmates PNEE, what according to P2 ' ' … could help, because while pupil you have a bigger approach with the people, learning as if communicate with carrying people of necessities especiais.' '. This makes possible in them to evidence that the process of inclusion of PNEE in the regular net of education is something new. Federal Reserve Bank might disagree with that approach.

How much the experience of them with PNEEs pupils while professors and which the work developed with these pupils, two citizens of the research had said that already they had had contact with PNEEs and others two that not. In the stories of P1 ' ' … Already was a deaf and dumb girl. She looks at, the work was well difficult, because it had difficulty of learning because of its deficiencies, wants to say, necessities special and it had a level lower than the other pupils, then I it could not be alone trying with it and leaving the others, seno the room turned one baguna.


1 Description In the generality, furnaces are scheme thermal that they convert chemical energy of the burning of a fuel, in thermal energy. The models of furnaces can vary as the type and the quality of the fuel used for burning. It can be divided basically in furnace for burning of solid fuel, furnace with dumping grates, furnace with rotating grate, furnaces for fuel burning in suspension, furnaces with fluidizado stream bed. Technology author addresses the importance of the matter here. All boiler needs a furnace, either internal or external it. 2 Types of furnaces in the coal burning 2,1 Furnaces for solid fuel burning. They are the ones that possess supports and grates. They can be plain, inclined or made use in forms of steps that still can be fixed or mobile.

This type is destined mainly to the burning of firewood, coal, leftovers of products, rind of cacao, bagasse of sugar cane, chestnut rind, etc. the feeding of the fuel can be made in manual or automatized way. 2,2 Furnaces with dumping grates. It is a type of very used furnace for the bagasse burning as combustible solid and is divided in some sectors. Each sector possesss elements of called grate bars. These bars if incline under the action of a external drive, that can be of compressed air or of vapor. With the inclination of the bars, the ash is drained for low of the grate, cleaning it.

The air reduction of the combustion and the best distribution of the bagasse on the grate considerably increase the income of the boiler. 2,3 Furnaces with rotating grate. It is another type of furnace for the solid fuel burning in which the burning and the feeding if process in the same way that in the dumping grate, but the cleanness is made continuously and does not have basculamento of the bars. The combustion air enters under the grate and serves for refrigeration, in the same way that in the dumping grate.


However, from certain micron-proximity, the substance if repels, and therefore the eletrosferas of atoms of the distinct bodies, as in the example of the chuteira and the ball, are not collided! It fits to stand out that the molecules, being ‘ ‘ micron-galxias’ ‘ , they behave as galaxies, where the atoms, as well as the systems estelares, gravitate the centers of its galaxies, galaxies these that the untied antimatter outside keeps of them, for the proper antimatter repulsion center-astral of its astros interacting on such. Examples: the micron-antimatter that is in the periphery of all the substance, is also repelled by the antimatter center-astral of all ours cosmo, and therefore if untied of the periphery of such substance, remaining in a break-even point the calculation of the reformularization above for each case does not enter. No longer interior of the substance, what it hinders the collisions between eletrosferas also is the untied micron-antimatter between molecules, as a mosaic, fellow creature to the distribution of the galaxies in ours cosmo. Interesting it is that the substance, in certain cases, also as ours cosmo, if it expands; in others one withdraws. When it has an attrition between materials, well-known has a flash, what demonstrates to have been breached the repulsive barrier of the micron-antimatter, tenuous in some cases. There, it has a collision of eletrosferas.

8 I have observed frequent the following phenomenon: 1) About 21:00 h of 27AGO2009 I observed the Jupiter system and its four bigger moons in the following formation: one of such moons then eclipsarred by the cited planet; others two, next one to the other and last one, well more moved away from the planet. For this angle of vision, I noticed that the intermediate moon, visually next to the other, presented considerable a lateral removal, in relation to the orbital plan of such moons (I believe that Europe and Io, in this relation of proximity). 2) About 03:00 h of 28AGO2009 already four bigger perfectly lined up moons in the straight line that it describes, for this visual angle appeared such, the orbital plain related one, being that such moons were presented visually then that almost equidistant. 3) Routine comments of this system prove the predominant stability of this orbital plan. Possible causes: ) Result of some impact meteoride? I find that not, for the almost monthly frequency that I have observed such phenomenon, beyond what not vi indications of any collision; B) Extra-orbital influences? Also I find that not, therefore it would affect all the cited moons; C) Illusion of positional optics? Not, therefore the return to the alignment would not be so fast; D) Antimatter repulsion center-astral contained in such moons: the two that they had been come close, if had attracted gravitationally until slowest (more inclined) laterally moving away more than the orbital plan, to if repelling for action of the repulsion of the antimatter center-astral contained in its nuclei. I find that it is this!

Lerner Pupils

The related problem becomes so preoccupying that some scholars of the history of the reading consider doubtful that the process of this practical social can occur in the school. As apu Lerner displays Jean Hrbrard, It is possible to learn to read? For the school it is evident that yes … e, exactly because is imagined possible, if attributes to this learning an extraordinary one to also be able of action on the new generations and, by means of them, on certain social groups to that they belong. The supposed cultural neutrality of the act to read, its apparent instrumentalidade, guarantees its social effectiveness, as it assumes the alfabetizador speech to it. However, for the sociology of practical cultural the reading it is an art to make that more it is inherited of what is learned (HERBRARD apud LERNER, 2002, p.58).

Ahead of the question above raised by the related author, Lerner tells despite for the formation of readers and writers, it becomes necessary to face a great challenge to construct a new fictitious version of the reading, a version that if has adjusted practical the social one that we try to communicate and does not allow our pupils if to appropriate effectively of it. To articulate the construtivista theory of the learning with the rules and institucional requirements is far from being easy: she is necessary to find another way to manage the time, is necessary to create new ways to control the learning, is necessary to transform the distribution of the papers of the professor and of the pupil in relation to the reading, she is necessary to conciliate the institucional objectives with the personal objectives of pupils (LERNER, 2002, P. 79)..

Educational Program

This system if translates for an intitled structure cascade system, that of a chance of the pupil in all the stages of the integration, to transit in ' ' sistema' ' , of the regular classroom to special education. RESULTS AND QUARREL OF the DATA We will initiate our analyses characterizing the citizens of the research, through data explanados in form of picture, referring to its trajectories of life in relation to teaching work. Thus we will present P11, P21, P31 and P41. Picture 1: ' ' Characterization of the Sujeitos' ' PUPILS EDUCATION WORK DOCENTENIVL WHERE ATUOUDISCIPLINAS LECIONADASTEMPO OF mdio.VriasMais DOCNCIA P1SimFundamental of 20 average P2SimFundamental years. Matemtica2 P3SimMdio.Matemtica3 years P4SimFundamental mdio.VriasMais years of 20 years Picture 1? Characterization of the Citizens – Source: Data of the research. 1 Interview carried through in day 23 of April of 2007 and 03 of June of 2007. In this work we will use codes to identify the citizens of the research, to preserve the identity of the same ones. to P 1? Pupil Program of Formation of Professors? When analyzing the data above, we can observe that P1, acts as professor has twenty years more than and that in this period already she had the chance of lecionar several you discipline in the two pertaining to school levels (basic and average).

However it standed out that: ' ' … only mathematical and sciences? Anos.&#039 has 7 more or less; '. to the P2 – Pupil VII Semester licenciatura in mathematics with approach in computer science – It acted as professor during two years, after the ingression in the course, and in this period it lecionou mathematical for the two pertaining to school levels (basic and average). to the P3? Pupil VII Semester Course of Licenciatura in Mathematics with Approach in Computer science? He acts as professor has 3 years, only lecionando mathematical for average education therefore according to its proper story ' ' I always taught average education.