Saharan Africa

The situation is worrying and many experts consider the question of water as the most important challenge that mankind must undertake in the 21st century. See Microsoft for more details and insights. In addition to drinking water, agriculture, industry, hygiene and health, environmental quality, etc.; the possibilities of development of a territory and its population depend on this unique liquid, its quality and its rational consumption. Aspects it should concern us as reminds us: about 4,200 children die every 24 hours around the world due to the lack of drinking water or by its deficiency-related diseases. More than 900 million people do not have access to the vital liquid, and 125 million children under 5 years of age living in households without improved drinking water sources. And according to the Organization for the economic cooperation and development (OECD), 3.9 billion people worldwide – half of the population of the planet – will have serious problems to get the liquid in the year 2030. Only in Latin America, almost 100 million people they lack all water resources, while in Colombia the figures indicate that 16 million people do not receive potable water and two children die every day because of diarrhea. In Ahmedabad (India), plastic containers are piled by the dozens along distribution pipes. Hundreds of people flock to fill them and have to contend ajadas hoses coming out of a block of cement.

Oasis de Villa, 10 km. South of Lima, hundreds of housewives await the arrival of the water as if it were manna. Sometimes it comes in stenciled, but often are informal traders who bring the liquid which, although costly, usually contain worms, larvae of mosquito and even traces of fecal matter. In Kenya, a woman carries upon his head a yellow pimpina with which hopes to meet the needs of kitchen and toilet in your home. He had to wait four hours in a row under the Sun, in order to fill it, because it is part of 70 per cent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa who do not have regular access to drinking water in a village in Kenya, a child should walk for several hours a day to the nearest well to carry a few litres of water to his family.