After the unsanitary and dark years of the middle ages in the 16th century, we see the first light of the revival of the culture of water with the writings of the physician and anatomist Ambrosie stop on anti-infectious properties of sea water, sea bathing prescribing to their patients for its astringent properties, recalentantes and deshidratantes. But it was in England where became the rebirth of hydrotherapy marina with the publication of the book of Doctor Charles Rusell in latin in 1753 glandular tabe usu in morbis glandularum dissertatio marinae aquac sine, which was translated into English as The use of sea water in the diseases for glands. This book had a great impact on their country and gave rise to the birth of the first establishments of baths, specifically in Brighton was the first of them. Russell says the healing benefits of the sea water: need to drink sea water, bathing and eating all the things that come from this water, where all the virtues are concentrated. In 1790 the doctor Latham creates first military marine hospital. At the end of the 18th century there were no less than 60 establishments in bathrooms in England. They were small buildings, directly on the beach.

Somewhat rudimentary with some bathtubs, changing cabins, swimwear distribution cabins and cabin for the doctor. There were also some nurses who were those who helped the sick to take bath. At the same time in France, on the coast of Aquitaine, we begin to find cities spas such as San Juan de Luz, Biarritz and Bayonne. But it was not until the 19th century when see in this country the birth of Thalasso-therapy as a discipline and to the creation of the first spa hotel. Original author and source of the article.